Taking a walk along Las Ramblas of Barcelona, one of the buildings that will get your attention is the Teatre del Liceu (Liceu Theatre).
Liceu theatre (official name: “Gran Teatro del Liceu”) was built in 1847, mainly supported by private donations. Later it became known as “the first theater Liceu”, because the building has been burned twice along its history.
In 1861, a few years after the construction of the first theater, a great fire almost completely destroyed the Teatro del Liceu. Only the entry and hall of mirrors were saved of fire, something curious, because these were the two areas that are also saved in the following fire (1994).
The reconstruction was very quick. Very quick. Liceu theatre be running again in just a year, thanks to a project led by Josep Oriol Mestres. Some years later, would disgrace the theater, which was badly affected by the 1893 anarchist bombing, when Santiago Salvador threw a bomb into the pit which caused 20 deaths.
At the start of the Spanish Civil War in 1936, the Liceu was expropriated, nationalized and converted into “Catalan People’s Theatre”. Three years later, in 1939, came at the hands of their owners and regained its name.
Liceu Theatre now, after the fire of 1994.
The second Liceu Theatre building continued its activity until 31th January 1994, when another fire almost completely destroyed the building. In a little over an hour the room, the stage, and much of the adjacent facilities were completely destroyed. Coincidentally, like the fire of 1861, the entrance and the hall of mirrors again saved from fire.
The day of the fire of 1994, Liceu’s Board agreed the reconstruction of the Lyceum Theatre in the same place, and let the architect project manager Ignasi de Solà-Morales.
After the fire of 1994, the new project to reopen Liceu Theatre used to modernize and improve its infrastructure and facilities, especially in terms of scenery, access and public and personal mobility scenic. In addition, the surface of the Theatre expanded, from 16,000 m2 to 35,000 m2 and making him more cultural facilities open to the public.
But despite the various phases and periods of construction and reconstruction which the theatre has been subjected, Liceu has to be be regarded as one artistic unit.
Liceu Theatre has three facades and a dividing and has a flat roof in the triangular end of Las Ramblas Carrer de Sant Pau and other flat roofs at different levels in the rest of the new building.
From the architectural point of view, the lobby, the staircase, the hall of mirrors (The Orchard) are the more featured parts of the theatre.
Visit the Liceu in Barcelona for its interior is highly recommended. The visits are about 1h. 30min. duration. Tickets can be purchased on the official website of the Teatre Liceu or in the same building.